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Zonewise Production Technology

S.No. Input/practices North Hill Zone    North Plain Zone Central Zone  Southern Zone   Eastern Zone

1.

Soil

It can be grown in well drained sandy loam to clay soil with medium water holding capacity, reasonable depth, comparatively rich in organic carbon and leveled fields with near neutral pH (6.5 to 7.5). Soil with excessive salts/ sodium and poorly drained conditions are not suitable for soybean cultivation.

2.

Variety

Bragg, Lee, PK 262, PK 308, PK 327, PK 416, VL Soya 1, VL Soya 2, Pusa 16, Pusa 24, Pusa 20, Shivalik Shilajeet, Ahilya 1, Pb 1, VLS 47, Himso 1563, SL 525

Bragg, Alankar, Ankur, Shilajeet, PK 262, PK 308, PK 327, PK 416PS 564, , SL 4, SL 96, VLS 21, Pusa 16, Pusa 22, Pusa 24, Pusa 27, Pusa 37, PS 1024, PS 1042, Pb 1,PS 1072, PS 1241 Bragg, Clark 63, Monetta, Durga, Gaurav, Gujrat Soya 1 & 2,MACS 13, MACS 58, Monetta, T 49, Pusa 37, PK 472, Pb 1, JS 2, JS 75-46, JS 76-205, JS 71 05, JS 79-81, Kalitur, JS 80-21, JS 335, JS 79-81, JS 90-41, Ahilya 1, Ahilya 2, Ahilya 3, Ahilya 4, Indira Soya 9. MAUS 32, MAUS 47, MAUS 81, JS 93-05, JS 95-60 Co 1, Co 2, Davis, Hardee, Improved pelican, KHSb 2, Monetta, PK 471, PS 1029, Pusa 37, Pusa 40, MACS 57, MACS 124, ADT 1, KB 79 (Snrha), KM 1, MAUS 1, MAUS 2 (Pooja), Monetta, MACS 450, JS 80-21, PK 472, Ankur, Birsa Soya 1, Bragg, PK 262, PK 327, Pusa 16, Pusa 22, Pusa 24, RAUS 5

3.

Land Preparation

Deep summer ploughing once in 2-3 years or one normal summer ploughing followed by 2-3 cross harrowing or cultivation for ideal seed bed of good tilth for soybean crop.

4.

Manure and Fertilizer (Kg/ha)

10 t FYM/ha + 20:80: 20: 20 N:P2O5: K2O:S Kg/ha

10 t FYM/ha + 20:60: 20: 20 N:P2O5: K2O:S Kg/ha

10 t FYM/ha + 20:60: 20: 20 N:P2O5: K2O:S Kg/ha

10 t FYM/ha + 20:80: 20: 20 N:P2O5: K2O:S Kg/ha

10 t FYM/ha + 20:80: 40: 20 N:P2O5: K2O:S Kg/ha

5.

Sowing

(i).

Seed Rate (Minimum 70% germination)

Bold seeded- 80-90 kg/ha Medium seeded-70-75kg/ha Small seeded-55-60 kg/ha

Bold seeded- 80-90Kg/ha Medium seeded-70-75kg/ha Small seeded-55-60 kg/ha

Bold seeded-80-90Kg/ha Medium seeded-70-75kg/ha Small seeded-55-60 kg/ha

Bold seeded- 80-90Kg/ha Medium seeded-70-75kg/ha Small seeded-55-60 kg/ha

Bold seeded- 80-90Kg/haMedium seeded-70-75kg/haSmall seeded-55-60 kg/ha

(ii).

Seed treatment

i) Fungicidal/Bio-agent: Thiram 75 WP + Cabendazim 50 WP (2:1) @ 3 g/kg seed or Trichoderma viride @ 4-5 gm/kg seed.
ii) Microbial: About 500 g/75 kg seed Bradyrhizobium japonicum culture + PSB/PSM 500 g/ 75 Kg seed

(iii).

Sowing time

Last week of May to June end

Mid of June to First week of July

Middle of June to Middle of July

(i) For Kharif-Middle of June to end of July (ii) For Rabi- First week of October to December (iii) For Summer- Second fortnight of January

Middle of June to middle of July

(iv).

Spacing (Depending on Sowing time)

45 x 5 cm

45 60 x 5 cm

3045 x 58 cm

30 45 x 5 cm

30 45 x 5 cm

(v).

Depth of sowing

3 to 5 cm

3 to 5 cm

3 to 5 cm

3 to 5 cm

3 to 5 cm

(vi).

Plant population

0.4 million /ha

0.4 million /ha

0.4-0.6 million /ha

0.4-0.6 million /ha

0.4-0.6 million /ha

6.

Weed control

Two hand weedings at 21 and 45 DAS or Fluchloralin or Trifluralin @ 1 kg a.i./ha as pre-plant incorporation or Alachlor @ 2 kg a.i./ha or Pendimethalin @ 1 kg a.i./ha or Metolachlor @ 1 kg a.i./ha or Clomazone @ 1 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence or Imazethapyr @ 75 to 100 g a.i./ha or quizalofop ethyl @ 50 g a.i./ha as post-emergence (15 20 DAS) in 750 to 800 liters water/ha.

7.

Plant protection

(i).

Insect management

Furrow application of Phorate 10G @ 10 kg/ha, followed by 1 or 2 sprays of Quinalphos 25 EC (1.5 lit/ha) or Endosulfan 35 EC @ (1.5 lit./ha) or Monocrotophos 36 SC (0.8 lit./ha) or Triazophos 40 EC ( 0.8 lit./ha) or Methomil 40 SP (1 kg/ha) or Chlorpyriphos 20 EC (1.5 lit./ha) or Ethofenprox 10 EC (1 lit./ha), depending on the insect pest and intensity of damage. For one ha, the spray volume has to be 750 to 800 lit.

(ii).

Disease management

For foliar diseases like Myrothecium, Cercospora leaf spot and Rhizoctonia aeria blight: Two spray of carbendazim 50 WP or thiophanatemethyl 70 WP @ 0.5 kg in 1000 l water/ha at 35 and 50 DAS.
For Bacterial pastule: Spray of Copper oxychloride 2 Kg + Streptocycline 200 g /1000 l water at the appearance of the disease.
For the control of Yellow Mosaic : Spray of thiomethoxam 25 WG @ 100 g/ha or methyl deinaton @ 0.8 l/ha.
For rust: Two to three sprays of hexaconazole or propiconazole or triadimefon or ocycarboxin @ 0.1%. First spray at the time of appearance of rust followed by subsequent sprays at 15 days control. For hot spot areas one prophylectic spray of any of above fungicide at 35 to 40 days after sowing.

(iii).

No podding/ Bud proliferation syndrome

Apply Phorate 10 G @ 10 Kg/ha as soil application followed by spray of either Triazophos 40 EC @ 0.8 l/ha or Ethion 50 EC @ 1.5 l/ha or Methomyl 12.5 L @ 2.0 l/ha or Quinalphos 25 EC @ 1.5 l/ha.

8.

Irrigation

Flowering and pod filling stage in case of drought.

9.

Harvesting

When pods turn black, brown or golden, seed has 17% moisture.

10.

Threshing

Thresh at about 14 % grain moisture using thresher.

11.

Storage

Store in moisture proof bags at seed moisture of about 9-10 %.

12.

Intercropping

Corn, Pigeon pea

Corn, Pigeon pea, Sorghum

Sorghum, Pigeon pea, Cotton, Pearl millet, Ground nut

Cotton, Corn, Sugarcane, Finger millet, Pigeon pea, Groundnut, Wheat

Finger millet, Paddy, Pigeon pea, Roselle, Temperate grasses